A biography of amerigo vespucci an italian explorer and navigator

Visit Website Did you know? Thefirst use of the name "America" was inwhen a new world map was created based on the explorations of Amerigo Vespucci. Two series of documents on his voyages are extant.

A biography of amerigo vespucci an italian explorer and navigator

While his elder brothers were sent to the University of Pisa to pursue scholarly careers, Amerigo Vespucci embraced a mercantile life, and was hired as a clerk by the Florentine commercial house of Mediciheaded by Lorenzo de' Medici.

Vespucci acquired the favor and protection of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici who became the head of the business after the elder Lorenzo's death in Just around this time —96Vespucci was engaged as the executor of Giannotto Berardi, an Italian merchant who had recently died in Seville.

Vespucci organized the fulfillment of Berardi's outstanding contract with the Castilian crown to provide twelve vessels for the Indies. However, the rediscovery in the 18th century of other letters by Vespucci has led to the view that the early published accounts, notably the Soderini Lettercould be fabrications, not by Vespucci, but by others.

It describes a voyage to South America in — Mundus Novus was published in late or early and soon reprinted and distributed in numerous European countries. Printed in orit claimed to be an account of four voyages to the Americas made by Vespucci between and Vespucci even developed a rudimentary, but fairly accurate method of determining longitude which only more accurate chronometers would later improve upon.

Engraving by Johann Froschauer for an edition of Amerigo Vespucci's Mundus Novus, published in Augsburg in In the 18th century, three unpublished familiar letters from Vespucci to Lorenzo de' Medici were rediscovered.

One describes a voyage made in — which corresponds with the second of the "four voyages". Another was written from Cape Verde in in the early part of the third of the four voyages, before crossing the Atlantic.

The third letter was sent from Lisbon after the completion of that voyage. However, many scholars now believe that the two letters were not written by him but were fabrications by others based in part on genuine letters by Vespucci.

The book accompanying the map stated: At the moment, there is a dispute between historians on when Vespucci visited the mainland the first time. Vespucci's real historical importance may well rest more in his letters, whether he wrote them all or not, than in his discoveries.

From these letters, the European public learned about the newly discovered continents of the Americas for the first time; their existence became generally known throughout Europe within a few years of the letters' publication.

Because our ancestors had no knowledge of them, and it will be a matter wholly new to all those who hear about them, for this transcends the view held by our ancients, inasmuch as most of them hold that there is no continent to the south beyond the equator, but only the sea which they named the Atlantic and if some of them did aver that a continent there was, they denied with abundant argument that it was a habitable land.

But that this their opinion is false and utterly opposed to the truth The first and fourth voyages are perhaps fabricated, but the second and third are certain. However, some modern scholars [b] have doubted that this voyage took place, and consider this letter a forgery.

The intention was to sail around the southern end of the African mainland into the Indian Ocean. The letter, to Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici, claims that Vespucci determined his longitude celestially [20] on August 23,while on this voyage.

However, that claim may be fraudulent, [20] which could cast doubt on the letter's credibility. On his return to Lisbon, Vespucci wrote in a letter from Seville to Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici that the land masses they explored were much larger than anticipated and different from the Asia described by Ptolemy or Marco Polo and therefore, must be a New World, that is, a previously unknown fourth continent, after Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Like his alleged first voyage, Vespucci's last voyage in — is also disputed to have taken place. The letters caused controversy after Vespucci's death, especially among the supporters of Columbus who believed Columbus' priority for the discovery of America was being undermined, and seriously damaged Vespucci's reputation.

He married Maria Cerezo. Final years Not long after his return to Spain, Vespucci became a Spanish citizen. Vespucci also ran a school for navigators in the Spanish House of Tradebased in Seville. He died on February 22, at his home in SevilleSpain.

A biography of amerigo vespucci an italian explorer and navigator

EuropeAsiaand Africa. Once cosmographers realized that the New World was not connected to the Old but before its true geography was fully mappedthey considered the Americas to be a single, fourth continent. He proposed the Soderini letter was not written by Vespucci, but rather cobbled together by unscrupulous Florentine publishers, cutting and pasting together various accounts, some from Vespucci, others from elsewhere.

Magnaghi was the first to propose that only the second and third voyages were true as they are corroborated in Vespucci's other manuscript letterswhile the first and fourth voyages which are only found in the Soderini text were fabricated by the publishers.Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci is best known for his namesake: the continents of North and South America.

But why were these continents named after him, especially since his voyages happened.

A biography of amerigo vespucci an italian explorer and navigator

Nov 09,  · Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian-born merchant and explorer who took part in early voyages to the New World on behalf of Spain around the late 15th century. By that time, the Vikings had. Amerigo Vespucci: Amerigo Vespucci, merchant and explorer-navigator who took part in early voyages to the New World (–, –02) and occupied the influential post of piloto mayor (“master navigator”) in Sevilla (–12).

The name for the Americas is derived from his given name. Vespucci was the son of. Explorer John Cabot made a British claim to land in Canada, mistaking it for Asia, during his voyage on the ship Matthew. America was named after Amerigo Vespucci, a Florentine navigator and.

Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian explorer and navigator after whom the Americas were named. This biography of Amerigo Vespucci provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timelineSpouse: Maria Cerezo, Maria Dolfaccini. Amerigo Vespucci (/ v ɛ ˈ s p uː tʃ i /; Italian: [ameˈriːɡo vesˈputtʃi]; March 9, – February 22, ) was an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer.

Born in the Republic of Florence, he became a naturalized citizen of the Crown of Castile in

Amerigo Vespucci Biography, Life, Interesting Facts