Even in a realistic age, few can resist the mischievous Peter and his followers, for through them adults can live again those carefree childhood days filled with dreams and play. In fact, the final stage version grew over a number of years in a haphazard fashion. In spite of all these versions and revisions, Barrie may have been right in saying that he was not the primary author of Peter Pan.
Pharand states, "…also a surprisingly -- often shockingly -- adult story" Pharand,p. After reading through the fifteen essays in the book J. Berrie's 'Peter Pan' in and Out of Time: A Children's Classic at Donna R.
Anita Tarr, the editors, are professors of children's and young adult literaturePharand has some pertinent opinions on the question posed in the first sentence of this paper. And moreover, this paper will present a number of scholarly articles that corroborate Pharand's assertion that this is in fact an adult story.
Literature on Peter Pan -- Author Criticism and Analyses The essays paint a picture of "…dark, threatening forces" lurking "just beneath the surface," Pharand writes. The themes run "…from oppression and castration Hook's hand to misanthropy and murder," according to Pharand, and after digesting the deep literary criticism and analysis in the publication, an alert reader "…will dispel any notion of Peter as a safe, cozy character" p.
To make his point more specific, Pharand quotes from passages in the fifteen essays; and although he does not identify the essayists, the passages each tell stories that are worthy in the context of a critical examination of what authors think of Berrie's classic.
The quotes are attributed to Pharand, since he culled them out of the essays' narratives and they appear in his scholarship. One of the essays argues that "Hook represents our societal need to manage our general hatred of children"; another essay claims that Hook "…is an example of unethical and failed aestheticism" Pharand, p.
A third essayist deals with the "Edwardian cult of the girl child, where Wendy, Tinker Bell, and Tiger Lily create 'a paradoxical construction of femininity: In his novel is J. Berrie advancing "…a pedagogy that disrupts drives toward normalizing conventional racial categories…" as one of the essayists asserts in the book Pharand, p.
Or is the novel actually approaching whiteness and racial issues at the turn of the 20th Century from another angle entirely? On the subject of racial categories, Mary Brewer's scholarly article in the Cambridge University Press takes the position that the story of Peter Pan embraces "…the amorphous status granted to whiteness in the text," which lends it "cultural authority" Brewer,p.
Brewer, author and English lecturer at Loughborough University, claims that the play's "political unconscious is rooted in real stories of violent conquest, the British Empire, and Victorian notions of racial difference" p.
Moreover, Brewer explains that the original idea for the play came to Berrie during the playing of a series of games with the Llewelyn Davies children.
In those games involving pirates and Indians there "is a clear racial undercurrent," Brewer asserts, giving an example of one in which marooned boys are made to "walk the plank" with Berrie playing the role of "Captain Swarthy" p.
Brewer needn't explain to readers that "swarthy" means dark-complexioned, but she does, and adds that Berrie was perhaps just going along with "colonial thinking on race" p. On page Brewer quotes from a source Haill, p. The "good guys" are white and the "bad guys" are dark, which "…structure the play's internal dynamics," Brewer goes on p.
Hence, it is Brewer's contention that the play reflects Berrie's location in the British racial pecking order during that era. Cadaverous means death-like -- which is not a black color but a grayish color -- and blackavized means painted black, so this passage is open to the possible interpretation that Hook was once grayish the color of a cadaver but is now turned dark "blackavized" through some transition that Berrie doesn't explain.
Interestingly, in reference to Hook's color, on page as Hook is trying to evade the crocodile he showed "no elation on his pestilent face now, only white fear…"] The original title of the play was the Great White Father, Brewer explains on pagea title that has "imperialist overtones" and also a title that reflects "the heart of the play's subject matter.
On page Brewer uses a portion of an earlier version of the play in which Tiger Lily presents "a rape fantasy. Since Tiger Lily "no run fast" and if she "tumble into a heap" with Peter catching up, "what then? This again represents and reflects the brutally unjust aspects of British Colonial culture, Brewer continues.
She compares Pan himself with "…many a colonial governor before him" because he rules "largely by intimidation. The boys who make up his followers," Brewer goes on, "are described as 'like dogs waiting for the master to tell them that their day has begun'" and they know if they don't make Pan happy by presumably attacking native women "they will catch it" p.
Brewer brings in a deeply psychological, Freudian theme in the book on page of her essay on Peter Pan. She references Michael Egan's analysis, which posits that Pan is comparable to "the selfishly amoral child" with a superego still being developed and whose conscience is "weak" Brewer, p.1 FILM SYNOPSIS Finding Neverlandexplores the relationship between JM Barrie (played by Johnny Depp) and the fatherless Llewelyn Davies family that led to the creation of children’s favourite Peter Pan.
Download "JM Barrie's Peter Pan Either Book" Essay ( Words)! ☘ children's story or is it, as Michel W Pharand states, ;also a surprisingly often shockingly adult story" Pharand, , p. ) After reading through the. Jm Barrie: a Critical Essay. Topics: J. M. Barrie Critical Writing: Critical Essay II Erin Diaz California University of Pennsylvania Starting on p.
96 Anderson discusses people’s conversations on cell phones by relating it to Georg Simmels’ concept of the “aura of the self.” Explain what Anderson is talking about.
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