Role of abraham lincoln in civil war essay

View Abraham Lincoln Pictures. View Abraham Lincoln Movies. He played in key role in passage of the Thirteenth Amendment, which ended slavery in America. As the war was ending, Lincoln became the first U.

Role of abraham lincoln in civil war essay

States that seceded before April 15, States that seceded after April 15, States that permitted slavery, but did not secede States of the Union where slavery was banned U. Navy veteran, became a key figure in the Navy Department after his role in the Fort Sumter crisis.

Scott advised Lincoln that it would take a large fleet, 25, troops, and several months of training in order to defend the fort. Fox presented a plan for a naval resupply and reinforcement of the fort.

The plan had been approved by Scott during the last month of the previous administration, but Buchanan had rejected it. No decision was reached, but Lincoln personally dispatched Fox, Stephen A. Hurlbutand Ward Lamon to South Carolina to assess the situation.

Blair was now joined by Welles and Chase in supporting reinforcement. Bates was non-committal, Cameron was not in attendance, and Seward and Smith opposed resupply.

Abraham Lincoln essay Free Short | Essays & Assignments

Later that day Lincoln gave Fox the order to begin assembling a squadron to reinforce Fort Sumter. Pickens of the impending re-supply of the fort. The Confederate cabinet was already meeting to discuss the Sumter crisis, and on April 10 Davis decided to demand the surrender of the fort and bombard it if the demand was refused.

The relief expedition sent by the Union arrived too late to intervene. While Northern states rallied to the request, border states such as Missouri refused to provide soldiers.

Lincoln also called Congress into a special session to begin in July. Though an in-session Congress could potentially affect his freedom of action, Lincoln needed Congress to authorize funds to fight the war against the Confederacy. Lee command of the Union forces, but Lee ultimately chose to serve the Confederacy.

Union soldiers in Southern states burned federal facilities to prevent Southern forces from taking control of them, while Confederate sympathizers led a riot in Baltimore.

To ensure the security of the capital, Lincoln suspended habeas corpus in Maryland, and ignored a court order ordering him to release a detained prisoner. While Lincoln struggled to maintain order in Maryland and other border states, Virginia, North Carolina, Arkansas, and Tennessee all seceded from the Union.

North Carolina was the last state to secede, doing so on May Knowing that success in the war required the support of local officials in mobilizing soldiers, Lincoln used patronage powers and personal diplomacy to ensure that Northern leaders remained devoted to the war effort.

Lincoln was disappointed by the state of the War Department and Navy Department, and Scott counseled that the army needed more time to train, but Lincoln nonetheless ordered an offensive. As the aged Scott was unable to lead the army himself, General Irvin McDowell led a force of 30, men south, where he met a force led by Confederate General P.

At the First Battle of Bull Runthe Confederate army dealt the Union a major defeat, ending any hope of a quick end to the war. Of these four states, Lincoln was least concerned about Delaware, which had a proportionally large pro-Union population.

Due to its location, Maryland remained a critical part of the Union. Perhaps even more critical than Maryland was Kentuckywhich provided access to key rivers and served as a gateway to Tennessee and the Midwest. The Confederates were the first to violate this neutrality, seizing control of the town of Columbuswhile the Union would capture the important town of Paducah.

Like Kentucky, Missouri controlled access to key rivers and had a large pro-Confederate population. Lincoln appointed General John C.

McClellan to replace McDowell. McClellan had won minor battles in the Western Virginia Campaignand those victories had allowed Unionist West Virginia to hold the Wheeling Convention and eventually secede from Virginia.

In response to Bull Run, Congress established the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War to provide oversight of military operations.

He did, however, remove McClellan as general-in-chief of the army in May, leaving the office vacant. Following the battle, Robert E. Lee took command of Confederate forces in Virginia, and he led his forces to victory in the Seven Days Battleswhich effectively brought the Peninsula Campaign to a close.

On July 11, Lincoln summoned Henry Halleck from the Western Theater of the war to take command as general-in-chief of the army. Following the battle, Lincoln turned to McClellan again, placing him in command of the Army of Virginia as well as the Army of Potomac.

Abraham Lincoln in The Civil War

The Emancipation Proclamation gained votes for the Republicans in the rural areas of New England and the upper Midwest, but it lost votes in the cities and the lower Midwest. Not only had Burnside been defeated on the battlefield, but his soldiers were disgruntled and undisciplined.

Desertions during were in the thousands and they increased after Fredericksburg.Abraham Lincoln’s Presidency - Abraham Lincoln is a hero to all Americans for he preserved our Union and abolished slavery.

Role of abraham lincoln in civil war essay

Lincoln combined the forces of strength, courage, will, and morality to guide America through a time marked by complete social upheaval and Civil War. Abraham Lincoln was the first president to do many things: he was the first president to have a beard, the first to be assassinated, the first born outside of the 13 original states, the first, and only, to have a pet cat eat at the White House dinner table with him, and he was the only president to .

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Role Of Abraham Lincoln In Civil War Essay